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Monday, 5 December 2011

Video Journalism - Tom Hepworth Lecture


Flickr: SamJJordan
- Don't make pictures and words compete.
- When arriving to film a sequence, spend the first 20 minutes getting to know the people. Talk about what you want to film.

- Work out what you want to film before you even get the camera out of the bag.

- Important points of camerawork - Discipline and Economy.
No need to film shots your not going to use.
Shoot things that help you tell the story.

- TV is the opposite to press photo's (which are often posed for and unnatural)

- It's all about telling stories about people.
- Always look for the people.
- Always get faces - get in close on the faces.

Example - Restaurant package
Good shots - Eating, cooking, water, paying bill.
Bad shot - Exterior GV.
Chopping carrot - interest - close up of knife.

Ideally you should have 5 shots.
- Close up of action.
- Close up of face (who)
- Wide shot (where)
- Over the shoulder or point of view.
- Another

Hold each shot for 10 seconds.
Go mobile with the camera for action.

- Be honest with the person you need to film.
- Just ask them, and talk them through what's going to happen.
- Interviews are there to add insight, emotion and reaction.
- Pictures tell the story
- Use a sequence showing someone do something from multiple angles.

- Mic AT (Mic Atenuation) - for things like a noisy factory.
- Radio mic - A hands (spread out hand) distance from mouth.
- Filming by a road for an interview - don't use omnidirectional microphones.
- You can have your back to the road and use the gun mic, or use a tie mic.

- Use natural light (with your back to it) to light up your interviewee - The window behind the camera.

- When using white balance, put the paper in the light of where you'll be filming.
If necessary, it's better to go for slightly orange over slightly blue.

- ND - off for dark shots.
- Turn 'Gain' up(on the camera) to around 18 decibels when their is dark lighting around you.

- You've got one chance to tell your story, you should be economical with words.
- Before you sit down to write he script, think about what you're going to say, and how you're going to say it.
- Use the spoken word not the written word.
- 'Less is more'
- Translate for the audience, don't use over-complicated words.
- Keep it simple - one thought = one sentence.

- Graphics - Keep the figures/points simple
Around one number/word each.

- Pull focus - You need to be quite far back, and it requires light adjusting to the focus.
- Zooming in compresses your depth of field.
- Peaking(on the camera) - gives outline in red - useful in bright sunlight if you can't see the screen.
- Expanded focus - Zooms you in a lot on a shot so you can tell if it's in focus.

Other points
- You're allowed to film private property from public property (e.g.- a public road).

- If you're stuck for things to film, you can turn to areas/people affected. A good way to find a sequence if you don't have many/any good options.
If you have time, you can try to find a relevant expert.

- Shots of people doing things is key. it's what interests the audience.


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